Coastal and Ocean Resource Economics
National Survey on Recreation and the Environment
National Ocean Service Social Science
Socioeconomic Impacts of Marine Reserves
Socioeconomic Monitoring Program for the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary
Southern California Beach Valuation Projects

Artificial and Natural Reef Valuation
Spatial Trends in Coastal Socioeconomics (STICS)
Bibliographies/Benefits Transfer
Publications/Data Sets



National Survey on Recreation and the Environment (NSRE)

The National Survey on Recreation and the Environment (NSRE) represents the continuation of the ongoing National Recreation Survey (NRS) series. Begun in 1960 by the congressionally created Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission (ORRRC), the first NRS was a four-season, in-the-home survey of outdoor recreation participation in the United States. Since that time, five additional NRSs , in 1965, 1970, 1972, 1977, and 1982-83, and two NSREs, in 1994-95 and 2000-2001 have been conducted. The CORE program is co-leading the latest NSRE, which represents the second time data on marine recreation has been collected. Nationwide, more than 50,000 households will be included in this survey. Partners include the U.S. Forest Service, the USDA Economic Research Service, the U.S. EPA, and the U.S. Department of Interior’s Bureau of Land Management.

Marine Recreation
Database Content

Marine Recreation

"Marine recreation" is defined as participation in at least one of 19 activities/settings, including beach visitation, visitation to watersides besides beaches for outdoor recreation, swimming, snorkeling, scuba diving, surfing, wind surfing, fishing, motorboating, sailing, personal watercraft use, rowing, canoeing, kayaking, hunting for waterfowl in a water-based surrounding, viewing or photographing birds in a water-based surrounding, viewing or photographing other wildlife in a water-based surrounding, and viewing or photographing scenery in a water-based surrounding.

For activities, "marine" is defined as activities in oceans, sounds, and in mixed fresh-saltwater in tidal portions of rivers and bays. For settings (e.g., beaches, watersides, water-based surroundings, etc.) "marine" is defined as saltwater or saltwater surroundings such as oceans, sounds, and mixed fresh-saltwater in tidal portions of rivers and bays.

The reasoning behind referring to the marine module in this way, is that it does not include the Great Lakes, which are coastal. Some of the early reports have the word “coastal” recreation in their titles, and therefore, are not technically correct. Marine recreation is associated with saltwater or mixed fresh-saltwater in tidal portions of rivers and bays. Future NSREs may include separate breakouts of activities in the Great Lakes.


Database Content

The main measurements for marine recreation are number of participants and number of days of use in the state in which the activity took place. The relevant population includes all people 16 years of age or older in the civilian non-institutionalized population living in U.S. households. The NSRE is a rich database that includes full demographic information, information on environmental attitudes, life-styles, and other data to support trip modeling.

Information posted on this site is primarily about marine recreation. Links are provided to other sites containing the questionnaires used, reports, and general summaries of survey data.


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